Our office have plenty of beautiful indoor plants, but in recent years almost all nearly all got small black midges. They swarm over the plants, crawling on the soil and in pots. At first we were confused with employees, not knowing how to overcome of them. Imbued with this problem, each of us spoke to friends about this problem, and eventually we have formed a whole list of "popular" ways of dealing with flower midges. This unique collection of tips I bring to your attention.
But for a start it would be nice to know whence are these midges.
Stsiaridy or flower midges, according to popular, are the result of excessive moisture of plants when the soil between waterings don’t have enough time to dry out. This usually happens in winter. Themselves midges, which settled to the plant are not dangerous (they more irritate the owners of the flower), but their larvae can damage the root system. If the pot have so many larvae that you can easily see them, it is necessary to transplant the suffered plant into a new ground, decontaminated and processed by special substances from flower midge.
IMPORTANT! Do not confuse a fruit and flower midge. Look at photos of flower and fruit midges if you want to distinguish them.
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Follow a few simple rules, and stsiaridy never appear in your plants:
So midges infest from surplus of moisture. To avoid stagnation of water in the substrate, water it when the top part dries at least to 1-1.5 cm. For watering use only soft water. To soften water, you can boil it, maintain, freeze, acidify by peat.